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What is the role of research for teachers and school?

For me as a researcher, it has been a great pleasure to collaborate with enthusiastic teachers and schools, and trying to improve teaching and learning together. On the other hand, such an approach – more or less normative, sometime even idealistic – has been shun in research because research is often regarded as neutral, objective, even free of values, and it should focus on clarifying the state of something (what, how, why) instead of guiding how the state should be. Of course there are different paradigms in which research has a more active role, but these paradigms are kind of “Others” while the true research is thought to be pure of values.

Our trialogical approach in KNORK has certainly a strong ideological emphasis. The design principles aim to direct education towards practices that enhance the development of knowledge work practices. (For the unaware reader, the design principles are the following: Organizing activities around shared “objects”; Supporting integration of personal and collective agency and work; Emphasizing development and creativity through knowledge transformations and reflection; Fostering long-term processes of knowledge advancement; Promoting cross-fertilization of knowledge practices and artifacts across communities and institutions, and Providing flexible tools for developing artifacts and practices.)

So are our studies about pedagogical practices research or not?

I had a possibility to listen prof. Anna Stetsenko in University of Helsinki while she visited Finland as an opponent for a doctoral dissertation. In her lecture which she also gave, the title was “Transformative Activist Stance: Implications for learning”, and one of her theses for science was that what if we researchers, instead of investigating “what is”, put forefront of our endeavors “what should be”. Her idea was that researchers could create the society, and world, in which we want to live and not only follow what is going on. I liked that approach a lot! For educational research it means, e.g., that we investigate what characterizes the school and education that is best for children, students and for the future, and furthermore, we investigate how can we improve or change the school and education to these aims. What you think, is it too ambitions to say that in KNORK we have an agenda towards future and we are actively working in schools and in universities to achieve that?

Liisa Ilomäki

Co-ordinator of KNORK

KNORK Italian day: schools and universities present their trialogical courses

Saturday, September 21st, at the “CERDO” (School for osteopaths in Rome,, it was held KNORK_LA SPERIMENTAZIONE ITALIANA to present the projects that schools and universities participating in the KNORK have realized in the years 2014-2015.
The event was attended by 4 high schools and 3 universities. Teachers and students presented their projects, the objects they built, the strategies they followed, highlighting pros and cons, limitations and needs.
The event was also attended by teachers who did not know KNORK and who have shown interest for further experimentation within their courses.
In addition, during the event, the participants were able to discuss about some crucial and recurring questions and recurring: how to integrate a challenging project like a trialogical-based one with the need to respect the national curriculum? how to decline  objects according to various disciplines and levels of study? how to check the maintenance of skills over time? how to ensure the involvement of all students?

Here following  some pictures taken by Beatrice during the event. Enjoy!

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First School Hackathon in Bulgaria “HackTUES”

HackTUES Logo
HackTUES Logo

The first school hackathon “HackTUES” was organized by students of the Technology School “Electronic Systems” associated with the Technical University – Sofia (TUES) and took place from 26 to 28 June 2015. The hackathon is a new kind programming competition, which brings together a large number of participants divided into teams up to 5 people. For several days they work on solving practical problem or theme set by the jury of the competition.

The theme of the first full school hackathon in Bulgaria was “Automation and improvement of the learning process.” The purpose of HackTUES is to contribute to the automatization of learning process in school, and to enable students from different classes to gain practical experience in creating software, teamwork and the support of community causes such as automatization of education. Team mentors and jury members as teachers of the school and representatives of different companies working in the field of information technology HackBulgaria, ChaosGroup, MusalaSoft.

In hackathon attended by 88 students from the eighth to the eleventh grade in TUES, divided into 18 teams. The hackathon was won by students from the eighth grade.

The competition is supported by MusalaSoft, HackBulgaria, Chaos group, Software University, StandByte and Subway Bulgaria.

All participants in HackTUES

All participants in HackTUES

The Winners in  HackTUES - 1st Place

Winners in HakTUES 1st Place
HackTUES organization team

HackTUES organization team

More information about the hackathon:;

Publications for the hackathon  in the media:

Best practices for highly qualified teachers in TUES TU Sofia, Bulgaria

Technology school ”Electronic Systems” (TUES) associated with the Technical university of Sofia is one of the famous and elite schools in Bulgaria, specialized in the training of ICT specialists with secondary vocational education.

Implementation of innovative approaches to teaching, introducing new pedagogical practices of collaborative learning using cloud technologies are the basis for achieving outstanding results at the professional training of young ICT professionals. In this process the utmost importance is the high professional and academic qualification of TUES teachers.

After winning all the prizes in the national competition of computer networks by the TUES students, the school principal Stela Stefanova was interviewed by one of the national television of Bulgaria in the TV show “Best Teacher” in the field of information, communication and networking technologies.


At the end of April was completed her habilitation procedure as an associate professor.

Habilitation TUES PrincipalHabilitation of TUES Principal

abilitation  of TUES  Principal

Teacher’s training in TUES is realized by qualification workshops, scientific conferences and educational forums.  In the end of June in the town Dobrinishte was held a workshop on the topic of “Using cloud technologies in the learning process.” The discussion was fruitful and the possibilities were considered to use cloud technologies for organizing collaborative education of groups of students on common tasks and projects in various disciplines of general education and vocational training.

TUES Workshop 2015TUES Workshop 2015

TUES Workshop 2015

Pilots, Workshops and dissemination activities at the Technical University – Sofia


The pilots at the Technical University of Sofia in Springwere conducted with 3 classes – second year bachelor degree students in Aviation engineering – obligatory course in Electronics (15 weeks), fourth year bachelor degree students (10 weeks – ASIC Design) and first year master degree students (15 weeks – Design and Analysis of CMOS IC). Second year students developed collaboratively 5 shared home assignments covering basic topics and one month long course work. Forth year students and master students used team work on common 3 month long project. In addition to the project work, students were required to submit five individual homework assignments. Each team had to choose a project subject from a list provided by the teacher. Two project milestones were set – intermediate report and final report.

All participants had to register individual Google and GitHub accounts (only for ASIC design and master course). The teacher was responsible for creating a Google Docs document for each project report and sharing it with the team. Students were encouraged to ask for help at any time without waiting for the scheduled classes. Usually they were getting a response during the same day. Announcements were made on a Google+ hangout and via email. Each class had a Google calendar with all relevant milestones and class schedules.

At the end of the semester, the projects or course work were presented by the teams. The scores were based on the project outcome, the individual home assignments and the activity of the student during the semester (email, participation in discussions, git commits).


Two teachers workshops were organized at TUS (5 teachers) and TUES (33 teachers) about cloud technologies – collaborative tools, feature of Google applications and their usage in education.

Very successful was workshop for teachers from TUES, organized in the town of Dobriniste at 01.07.2015, which was combined with the teambuilding. Practical examples of courses, using such technologies of already conducted pilots in TUS and TUES were also considered. Main activities was done by TUES – very nice presentation of cloud technologies and hyperlink to all considered application was done by yang assistants from the Technical University, but delivering all his classes at TUES. There were very active and fruitful discussions after the presentation.  The school teachers were impressed from pilot results at their school; ask many questions, and express willingness a new workshop to be organized with the practical exercises on cloud technologies.

Meetings with Decision Makers      

Together with principle of TUES we have participated in two very important meetings with the Vice Minister of Education and with the Head of Educational Commission in Parliament, concerning new educational law, introducing new approaches in education and more practical training.  Our experience and results from applying collaborative learning with extensive use of digital cloud technologies was pointed as a good example to follow. In both meetings there were a lot of representative from schools, universities, business and industry. There was also one such meeting with Vice Minister of Regional Development for discussing the EU Program “Regions in growth 2015-2020” and role of education for the qualification and competences of future employees.


We have participated in two conferences with 3 papers already presented, and have prepared another 2 for publishing in the Annual Journal of Electronics, a part of the paper for Early symposium in Cyprus and one paper for the International Conference in Sozopol. The papers considered results from conducted pilots, and */features of the developed tool for analyzing collaborative artefacts in project based courses.

Tania Vasileva

Dissemination Activities at Technology School “Electronic Systems” associated with Technical University of Sofia

In the last year in Technology School “Electronic Systems” associated with Technical University of Sofia (TUES, TU-Sofia), Bulgaria one of the partners in the project KNORK, have been introduced new pedagogical methods for collaborative learning using cloud technologies. A new course plan based on the design principles of trialogical approach was developed and a project-oriented education and training were realized in the field of “Global networks”. Implementation of new pedagogical practices in the learning process yielded excellent results from training. Verification of acquired knowledge, skills and competencies is not only in the classroom but also in real situations of professional forums and competitions.

In the month of April 2015 was conducted National networking competition for students in Bulgaria, organized by the Ministry of Education and Science, Faculty of Mathematics and Informatics at Sofia University – Sofia and the Bulgarian Association of Networking Academies. Students from all over Bulgaria participated in the competition.

Competitors from TUES, TU-Sofia won the first six places in the ranking, as well as a total of 10 places in the group of the 20 finalists. TUES won the prize for the best school in the competition.

All finalists are admitted to students without entrance exam at the Technical University – Sofia and Sofia University.

At the award ceremony was attended by Deputy Minister of Education, government experts from the Ministry of Education, representatives of companies from the ICT sector in Bulgaria.

Deputy Minister of Education Mrs Vaniya Kastreva awards personally all winners of the networking competition.

Networking Comprtition in Bulgaria

Publications for the networking competition in the media:


Is it possible to change upper secondary school?

A somewhat skeptical title refers to Finnish educational system, in which primary school teachers have a lot of freedom because one teacher is responsible for teaching almost all subjects; lower secondary teachers have still somewhat freedom although their days are structured by a timetable which navigates them to new classes after every 45 minutes, but the upper secondary school teachers are tied with very heavy curriculum, very tight seven-week course and furthermore, the matriculation examinations which close the twelve-year schooling.

There are several calls for change at upper secondary level, now especially in the Finnish school. The final examinations will become digitalized in autumn 2016. Previously, especially upper secondary level teachers have used digital technology less than teachers of other levels. Now they all need to learn to use technology in teaching. Another requirement for change is expressed both by practitioners and researchers: students don’t learn in school what they need. Three recent studies* have produced results that upper secondary school students don’t gain in school the necessary competencies for further studies and work life; among the insufficient competencies are what we in the KNORK project call knowledge work competencies. The third reason is the changing curriculum. National Board of Education has accepted new curriculum in which integration of school subjects as well as project- and process type of work are brought forward (see It has become impossible for an upper secondary teacher to continue in a traditional teacher-centered way, if she or he has any interest to answer the demands.

Then, how easy it is to make changes in pedagogical practices? Our research results and collaboration with three nice upper secondary schools, Helsingin Medialukio, Tapiolan lukio and Olarin lukio, indicates that even when teachers are very willing to improve their course practices towards student-centered, longitudinal and authentic process-work, there are obstacles that are almost impossible to overcome. The courses are full of issues that students have to learn, and the new curriculum does not differ from the previous one. In Medialukio we faced this challenge in a very concrete way: when a course was 18 hours during seven weeks, for a teacher it is impossible to use, e.g., an hour every week for an assignment which does not cover more than a limited area of the content. Only 3-4 hours is possible for a teacher to reserve for a specific project but even then the teacher has a guilty conscience: “I don’t teach my students all they should learn.” In addition, integrated project with teachers of other subjects is very difficult to organise because, again, of the lack of the time, but also because students don’t participate in the same courses. A natural integration of two (or more) courses so that the students would be the same on the courses does not succeed. Even time for teachers’ collaborative planning is difficult to find – they are busy and free on different times.

Conclusion: if we set up new aims for upper secondary schools, something in the structures have to be profoundly improved. The change is not based on individual teachers being willing or unwilling but on structures that need to be changed on national level.

Liisa Ilomäki

University of Helsinki

Let’s have four steps in history

Dear Knork community, we are getting close to the end of the school year and Knork projects are ending here in Bari. One of them took place at the Technical and Computer Science Institute of Andria (Bari).

This i a short synthesis from Beatrice who have supported the teachers all through the year

“Let’s have four steps in history” is the title of the first project in Andria that involved two tenth grade classes. The object developed has been a web-site devoted to the first world war. Take a look: Of course it is in Italian, but it will give you a fairly good impression of its structure and the type of work that has been done. The title Students did a great job in searching documents both official and informal. They combined the curricula of Italian, History, Mathematics and Physics. The teachers involved were Annalisa Alicino, Mariangela Calvi and Roberto Diana. They focused on literature and narrative by reading letters and poetries, lyrics of songs and romances from that period. They studied physic and mechanics by analyzing the war machines. Overall, the teachers innovated their learning methods by orchestrating time for reflection, collaboration and meaningful activities.

A link to the project has been implemented also in the web-page of the school A facebook group has been active all along the project where students and teachers posted various documents, included their diaries.

A final event was organized to present the web-site to parents and to the whole school and of course I was there with two of my students that acted as observers (Federica and Sara). Here some photos taken during the final event.

Me and the web-site The principle The students the teacher promoting the project

Basecamp: A project management tool

I would like to share with you another project management tool that I have come across and which students in health informatics used for their projects. This tool is called Basecamp.

Basecamp is a web based tool that runs in the cloud. It can be used for free for 2 months but you can also get a free account if you use it at your own universities. Here are some possibilities that Basecamp offers:

  • Invite partners of the project to collaborate on the same tool
  • Upload documents and share with the rest of the team
  • Create forum like discussions
  • Create to do check lists
  • Add and edit texts online
  • Assign tasks to other members
  • There is a calendar function to have an overview of the project
  • Keep track of what changes and updates have happened in the project

So, if you want to give it a try you can find it in the following link: 

Here are a few examples to check about basecamp: